Opening: 15 December 2017, Gallery of the Historical Archives of Belgrade
Authors of the Exhibition: Irena Kolaj Ristanovic, Dragana Mitrasinovic
Review by: Prof Dr Sonja Marinkovic
Author of the Introductory Study: Ivana Miladinovic Prica
Technical Support: Jelena Nikolic, Violeta Jovanovic, Bojan Kocev, Ivan Arsenovic
Editing and proof editing: Natasa Nikolic MA
Design: Zorica Netaj
Opening ceremony: Prof Dr Zoran Eric, Rector of the University of Arts in Belgrade
Exhibition Music in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia presents the development of music on the territory of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia whose foundations were laid by artists who performed in the period before the Kingdom was created.
Seven thematic entities – Musical Education, Composers, Music and Singing Societies in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, Social Life – Merging of Cultures, Church Music, Choral Music, Military Music, with more than a hundred exponents, demonstrate different institutional identities of music in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, their (in)stability, variability and closeness to social and political affairs.
Chronologically oldest documents are from 19th century referring to Slovene composer and conductor Davorin Jenko (1835–1914), who left a remarkable trace on
Serbian music and who composed Serbian national anthem Boze Pravde. Exhibition pays respect to the most important figure in Serbian music- Stevan Stojanovic Mokranjac, a composer, a conductor of Belgrade Choir Society (founded in 1853) and a founder (in 1899) of Serbian Music School where he was principal until his death in 1914.
Besides numerous documents, photographs and music scores, the exhibition presents extremely valuable documents, such as: receipt of Davorin Jenko’s fee for music composed for opera Vracara from 1896; Resolution from 1924 of the Ministry of Education and Music School in Belgrade demanding Law on Art Schools to be adopted and State Conservatorium of Music to be established in Belgrade and Ljubljana; Miloje Milojevic, Josip Slavenski and Kosta Manojlovic’s letter of protest from 1927 to the administration of the Music School in Belgrade criticizing financial law which allowed to the Ministry of Education to prepare 50 elementary school teachers to become high school music teachers within one year; Application of Josip Slavenski to the Teachers’ Council of the Music School in Belgrade to approve a class of free composition in school year 1928/29 from 1929; Marija St. Mokranjac’s letter of protest from 1935 sent to a group of singers, former members of Belgrade Choir Society, on the occasion of establishment of Singer Society “Mokranjac” etc…
In the ceremony of exhibition opening, the oldest preserved tone film called “Belgrade”, recorded in 1932, was presented to the gathered visitors with the courtesy of Yugoslav Film Archives.
The exhibition was opened by Professor Zoran Eric, Rector of University of Arts in Belgrade and a string quartet of the Ministry of Defense “Stanislav Binicki”.